Connecting to Redshift

A valid Enterprise license of PuppyGraph is required to connect to Redshift.

Please see to learn more and start a free trial with PuppyGraph Enterprise.


  • The Redshift instance is accessible over the network from the PuppyGraph instance.

  • The Redshift instance has its username and password configured.




The username of the database


The password of the database


A JDBC compatible connection URI of the data source. Read this page for more details on how to construct the URI.

JDBC Driver Class

The URL of the Redshift-compatible JDBC Driver.

Please choose the version of the driver that is compatible with your PostgreSQL database.


In the demo, the Redshift data source stores people and referral information. To query the data as a graph, we model people as vertices and the referral relationship between people as edges.


The demo assumes that PuppyGraph has been deployed at localhost according to the instruction in Launching PuppyGraph from AWS Marketplace or Launching PuppyGraph in Docker. And the firewall rules of the machine and Redshift is set up properly to allow PuppyGraph access Redshift.

In this demo, we use the username puppygraph and password puppygraph123.

Data Preparation (Optional)








The demo uses people and referral information as shown above.

The following steps will create tables and insert data to Redshift in the Amazon Redshift Query editor v2. We assume that the redshift environment has been set up and use user name and password to connect.

Firstly, create database with query editor.

Then, create tables in the database.

Finally, execute follow SQL in query editor to insert data into tables.

insert into demo.public.person values ('v1', 29, 'marko'), ('v2', 27, 'vadas');
insert into demo.public.referral values ('e1', 'v1', 'v2', 0.5);

Upload the schema

Now the data are ready in Redshift. We need a PuppyGraph schema before querying it. Let's create a schema file redshift.json:

  "catalogs": [
      "name": "jdbc_redshift",
      "type": "redshift",
      "jdbc": {
        "username": "puppy",
        "password": "puppy",
        "jdbcUri": "jdbc:redshift://[group_name].[account_id].[region]",
        "driverClass": ""
  "vertices": [
      "label": "person",
      "mappedTableSource": {
        "catalog": "jdbc_redshift",
        "schema": "public",
        "table": "person",
        "metaFields": {
          "id": "id"
      "attributes": [
          "type": "Int",
          "name": "age"
          "type": "String",
          "name": "name"
  "edges": [
      "label": "knows",
      "mappedTableSource": {
        "catalog": "jdbc_redshift",
        "schema": "public",
        "table": "referral",
        "metaFields": {
          "id": "refid",
          "from": "source",
          "to": "referred"
      "from": "person",
      "to": "person",
      "attributes": [
          "type": "Double",
          "name": "weight"

Here are some notes on this schema:

  1. A catalog jdbc_redshift is added to specify the remote data source in Redshift.

    • Set type to redshift.

    • Set driverClass to

  2. Replace username and password with your actual usernmae and password.

  3. Replace jdbcUri with your actual JDBC URL.

  4. The label of the vertices and edges do not have to be the same as the names of corresponding tables in Redshift. There is a mappedTableSource field in each of the vertex and edge types specifying the actual schema (public) and table (referral).

  5. Additionally, the mappedTableSource marks meta columns in the tables. For example, the fieldsfrom and to describe which columns in the table form the endpoints of edges.

Now we can upload the schema file redshift.json to PuppyGraph with the following shell command, assuming that the PuppyGraph is running on localhost:

curl -XPOST -H "content-type: application/json" --data-binary @./redshift.json --user "puppygraph:puppygraph123" localhost:8081/schema

Query the data

Connecting to PuppyGraph at http://localhost:8081 and start gremlin console from the "Query" section:

[PuppyGraph]> console
         (o o)
plugin activated: tinkerpop.server
plugin activated: tinkerpop.utilities
plugin activated: tinkerpop.tinkergraph

Now we have connected to the Gremlin Console. We can query the graph:

gremlin> g.V().hasLabel("person").out("knows").values("name")

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